Logo Pondera Online
 
ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Mint
Corinth
Denomination
1/5 Mina
Material
Copper alloy (bronze or brass)
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Disc or similar (ellipse, etc.)
Length
4.00 cm
Width
4.00 cm
Height
1.30 cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
82.52 - - Hultsch 1905 No No No
82.34 - April 1, 2010 Kroll 2012 No No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Bull / Cow / Calf Relief FACING Head
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
No
Suspension hole
No
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Kroll 2012: The earliest surviving Corinthian market weight is the bronze weight in the collection of the Numismatic Museum of Athens illustrated in figs. 1 and 2. It is a one-fifth of a mina cast in the form of a thick disk with the head of a bull in raised relief. Around the bull’s head is inscribed in archaic Corinthian letters πενπ-ταῖ-ον. The underside is inscribed Ϙορίνθον in carefully spaced letters that encircle a slightly larger zeta in the middle. Excellently preserved, with a hard, dark green patina, the weight measures 4.0 cm in diameter and 1.3 cm in thickness (0.7 cm thickness of the disk alone). The original publication recorded its mass as 82.52 g. Reweighing in April 2010 gave a marginally lighter 82.34 g, which is only to be expected from handling in the interim. Upon acquiring the weight for the Athens collection, the director, J. N. Svoronos apparently sent a plaster cast of it to Friedrich Hultsch, who promptly published the weight in 1905 in a two-page note with photos of the cast (fig. 2). Either because the weight had been insufficiently cleaned or because the cast was made from a weak impression, the cast of the underside did not show the initial qoppa of the ethnic, and suggested that the letter in the center was an iota.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Greek Incised Denomination, Mint
Fac simile
Edition
Πενπ–ταῖ–ον || Ϙορίνθον
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Findspot (site)
context
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
circumstances
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
GREEK
Time frame
FROM -500 TO -450
Comments on Chronology
Kroll 2012: Earlier 5th c. BC.
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
Numismatic Museum (Athens) None None
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Hultsch 1905 5–6 None fig. (non vidi)
Davidson 1952 204 None pl. 147c None
Kroll 2012 111–112 None fig. 1–2 None
Tekin 2016a 48–49 None pl. 4, fig. 24a–b None
VARIA
Additional comment
Permalink
External link