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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Nikon, agoranomos (Berytos)
Mint
Berytos
Denomination
1/8 Mina
Material
Lead
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Square
Length
4.10 cm
Width
4.10 cm
Height
0.40 cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
55.80 - - Rouvier 1897 No No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Egg and dart pattern Relief
Trident Relief
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
Yes
Suspension hole
Yes
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Rouvier 1897: Ce poids affecte la forme carrée, avec 41 millimètres de côté; il pèse exactement 55 gr. 80. Son épaisseur est de 4 millimètres. La face supérieure présente un carré creux, circonscrit à l’extérieur par une sorte d’encadrement assez riche. Au milieu du champ se trouve un trident, à droite et à gauche duquel on lit en trois lignes : [...]. Dans le champ, à droite, entre la première et la deuxième ligne, on lit de plus la lettre M (indication pondérale).
Kushnir-Stein 2002: The meaning of the letters in the lower right field is unclear. On the weight of Berytus dated year 184 (129/8 BCE; 55.8 gm.) there is a letter M standing alone in the right field (Rouvier 1897: 369-372). This letter has been interpreted as an indication of weight. However, on the weight of year 161 (152/1 BCE; 267.8 gm.; Babelon and Blanchet 1895: no. 2250) one finds the letters MZ, which seem difficult to reconcile with this interpretation. These letters, as well as those on our weight, may thus have related to administrative matters rather than to the units of weight.
Kushnir-Stein 2005: The weight from Berytus, dated to the year 184 of the Seleucid era (129/8 BCE), has a one-letter sign standing separately in the right field. This was interpreted as a mu (M); however, judging by its form in the documentation published so far - a drawing and a small photograph of the inscribed side (Rouvier 1897: 369; Liban, L'autre rive 1998: 162) - one may say that the letter could in fact be an eta (H), meaning "an eighth." The item now weighs 55.8 g, but it also looks fairly worn and, moreover, has lost the loop at its top; thus, its original weight must have been greater.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Greek Relief Authority, Date, Denomination, Unidentified
Fac simile

LΔ    ΠΡ
        M or Η (?)
ΝΙΚ  ѠΝΟC
AΓOP  ANO

Edition
(Ἔτους) δ–πρ´ | η´ (?) | Νίκ–ωνος | ἀγορ–ανό(μου).
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Lebanon: Beyrouth (Bayrūt)
Findspot (site)
Beirut [Berytus / Laodicea / Laodikeia en te Phoinike / Col. Iulia Augusta Felix]
context
Rouvier 1897: J'ai fait dernièrement l'acquisition, pour ma collection particulière , d'un poids antique , en plomb, trouvé dans les environs de Beyrouth (Syrie).
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
circumstances
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
GREEK
Time frame
FROM -129 TO -128
Comments on Chronology
SE 184 = 129/128 BCE
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
Rouvier Collection Dec. 31, 1897 None
Archaeological Museum – American University of Beirut None 5769
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Rouvier 1897a 369–372 None fig. None
Rouvier 1897b 227–231 None fig. None
Institut du monde arabe 1998 162 None fig. (non vidi)
Augé and Sawaya 2002 331 None None None
Kushnir-Stein 2002a 228 None None None
Kushnir-Stein 2005 17* None None None
Gatier 2014 153–154 None None None
Finkielsztejn 2015 80–82 121 None None
VARIA
Additional comment
The loop is broken.
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