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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Mint
Perinthos
Denomination
1 Libra = 1 Litra
Material
Lead
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Polygon (pentagon, hexagon, heptagon, octagon, etc.)
Length
6.40 cm
Width
10.00 cm
Height
- cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
387.49 - - Auction Leu 2021 No No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Bell Relief
Money bag Relief
Dot / Pellet Relief Five
Unidentified Relief
Cantharus Relief
Crown Relief
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
No
Suspension hole
Yes
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Auction Leu 2021: Thrace. Perinthus. Early 3rd century AD. Weight of 1 Litra (Lead, 64x1100 mm, 387.49 g). ΠЄP/I-N/Θ-I/Ⲱ-N around purse (or the bell of an agoranomos); above, in ‘architrave’, A-Π-Y around large Θ within O. Rev. Λ/E-I/TPA around amphora; in ‘architrave’, five pellets. Pondera 13583 corr. (legend). Extremely rare. A wonderful Roman era weight with a very elaborate design. Holed for suspension as made and with minor graffiti, otherwise, good very fine.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Greek Relief Denomination, Mint, Other
Fac simile

   A
Θ+O?
Π     Y
Π Є P
I      N
Θ     I
Ⲱ  N

Λ     Ι
E (?)
T P A

Edition
Ἄ(κτια?) | Θ+O? | Π–ύ(θια?). Περ|ιν|θί|ων || λ|ε|ί|τρα (or: λί|τρα).
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Findspot (site)
context
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
May 24, 2021
circumstances
Antiquities trade.
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
GREEK , ROMAN
Time frame
FROM 1 TO 300
Comments on Chronology
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
Antiquities Trade May 24, 2021 None
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Auction Leu 2021b None 4068 None None
VARIA
Additional comment
Auction Leu 2021: Roman era weights are often far more elaborate than their Hellenistic predecessors. Here, we have a beautiful weight of 1 libra = 1 litra with a particularly interesting iconography. Peter Weiss suggested the symbol on the obverse could be interpreted as the purse of Hermes, the god of trade, yet Charles Doyen pointed out that we might actually be looking at the bell of the agoranomos of the city, which appears on other weights from Perinthos (see Pondera 13915 and 13768). The meaning of the letters A-Π-Y and Θ in O in the 'architrave' on the obverse, on the other hand, are unclear: perhaps they constitute a date ('Year 481'), but it is more likely that they refer to the Actian and Pythian games held in the city. This becomes even more plausible when we turn to the reverse, where the amphora and the five pellets mirror coins struck in Perinthus under Septimius Severus showing an agonistic table with five pellets (balls?) and an amphora below (Schönert-Geiss, Perinthos, 495).
On the reverse: λ|ε|ί|τρα or: λί|τρα? Is "Ε" a symbol?
See https://pondera.uclouvain.be/artifact/13583/
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