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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Antiochos VIII Grypus, Seleucid King ; Polemok(rates?), agoranomos (Antioch)
Mint
Antioch
Denomination
1 Mina
Material
Lead
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Square
Length
9.60 cm
Width
9.90 cm
Height
- cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
733.00 - - Auction Leu 2021 No No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Lattice pattern Relief
Anchor Relief
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
No
Suspension hole
Yes
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Auction Leu 2021: Seleukid Kings of Syria. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos) (?), 121/0-97/6 BC. Weight of 1 Mina (Lead, 96x99 mm, 733.00 g). ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ANTIOXOY – ΦΙΛO[...] / AΓOPANO[...] / ΠΟΛEMOY Seleuking anchor; to right, ETOYΣ; to left, date (erased). Rev. Latticework design. Cf. Pondera 14243 and 3526 (slightly differing legends). Unpublished and of great interest. Date erased and with a curious piece of lead inserted into the original weight, otherwise, very fine.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Greek Relief Authority, Date
Fac simile

ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ
ANTIOXOY
ΕΤΟΥΣ
[...]
ΦΙΛO[...]
AΓOPANO[...]
ΠΟΛEMOΚ

Edition
Βασιλέως | Ἀντιόχου | Ἔ̣τ̣ους (?) | [..σ´] | Φιλομ̣[ήτορος?] (or: Φιλοπ[άτορος?] or even: Φιλα̣δ̣[έλφου?]) | ἀγοραν[ομοῦντος] | Πολεμοκ̣[ράτους?].
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Findspot (site)
context
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
May 24, 2021
circumstances
Antiquities trade.
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
GREEK
Time frame
FROM -121 TO -96
Comments on Chronology
Reign of Antiochus VIII Grypus (121/120–97/96 BCE).
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
Antiquities Trade May 24, 2021 None
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Auction Leu 2021b None 4059 None None
VARIA
Additional comment
Auction Leu 2021: Unfortunately, the date on this very interesting Seleukid weight was deliberately chiseled out, but if the epithet of the king reads ΦΙΛOM..., as seems likely, it belongs to Antiochos VIII Epiphanes Philometor Kallinikos (121/0-97/6 BC). The weight was signed by an agoranomos Polemon, or less likely, Polemokrates. The large bulge visible on both sides is not part of the original design, rather, it is a separate piece of lead that was inserted to the weight at a later point for an unknown reason (signing it with a magistrate's new name?).
See https://pondera.uclouvain.be/artifact/14243/, https://pondera.uclouvain.be/artifact/3528/, https://pondera.uclouvain.be/artifact/3526/, https://pondera.uclouvain.be/artifact/3521/, https://pondera.uclouvain.be/artifact/3527/
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