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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Titus Flavius Andronikos, paraphylax (Colophon?)
Mint
Colophon
Denomination
1 Libra = 1 Litra
Material
Lead
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Disc or similar (ellipse, etc.)
Length
8.90 cm
Width
8.90 cm
Height
- cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
319.15 - - Auction Leu 2021 Yes No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Wreath Relief
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
Yes
Suspension hole
No
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Auction Leu 2021: Ionia. Kolophon. Late 1st-2nd centuries. Weight of 1 Litra (Lead, 89 mm, 319.15 g, 6 h). ΛEITPA around wreath. Rev. TITON ΦΛ / ANΔPONЄ/IKON ΦΙΛO/CЄBACTOI / ΠAPAΦY/ΛAKЄC in six lines; to left, ΟIHЄPI(?). Cf. Pondera 11514 (for a similar weight from Kolophon). Unique and of great historical interest. Edge fault, otherwise, very fine.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Greek Relief Authority, Denomination
Fac simile

ΛΕΙΤΡΑ

← Ο ΙΠΕΡΙ (?)

ΤΙΤΟΝΦΛ
ΑΝΔΡΟΝЄ
ΙΚΟΝΦΙΛΟ
CЄΒΑCΤΟΙ
ΠΑΡΑΦΥ
ΛΑΚЄC

Edition
Λείτρα. || Οἱ περὶ (?) Τίτον Φλ(άβιον) | Ἀνδρόνε|ικον φιλο|σέβαστοι | παραφύ|λακες.
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Findspot (site)
context
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
Feb. 27, 2021
circumstances
Antiquities trade.
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
GREEK , ROMAN
Time frame
FROM 1 TO 250
Comments on Chronology
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
Antiquities Trade Feb. 27, 2021 None
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Auction Leu 2021a None 2614 None None
VARIA
Additional comment
Auction Leu 2021: The attribution of this fascinating weight of the paraphylax Titus Flavius Andronikos to Kolophon is based upon the close similarities in style and fabric to Pondera 11514, a weight of the eirenarchai Aurelius Tryphon and Quintus Lollius Epaphroditos. Both eirenarchai ('peace keepers') and paraphylakes ('chief guardians') were officials involved in policing communities and prosecuting crimes. The offices first appear in the late 1st century AD, a date which coincides well with Andronikos' Flavian name. In this regard, it is worth noting that another weight of 1 litra from Kolophon, Pondera 11471, provides the name of an eirenarchos Titus Flavius Euphonis, who might very well have been a relative of our Andronikos.
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