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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Mint
Olbia
Denomination
10 Obols
Material
Copper alloy (bronze or brass)
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Square
Length
1.20 cm
Width
1.20 cm
Height
0.45 cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
5.64 - - Krapivina 2003 No No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
No
Suspension hole
No
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Krapivina 2003: Collection of IA NASU, Kiev. Found in the liman part of the Lower City of Olbia. Cleaned; well preserved. The shape is quadrangular, measuring 1.20 × 1.20 × 0.45 cm; weight 5.641 g. On the obverse there is a carved inscription consisting of two lines: ΔΕΚ | ΟΒΟ – i.e. ten obols; on the basis of the palaeography of the inscription, the weight is dated to the 4th or 3rd century BC. The weight seemingly corresponds to the Euboic-Attic system of standard 129. In my opinion, however, the identification of the weight system presented by V.I. Nazarcuk is erroneous. In contrast to the standard of 126, the weight standard of 129 was not recorded in the Athenian Agora. If we proceed from the weight of a drachm being equal to 3.36 g, as has been deduced from the weight of no. 6, then it should be consistent with the Chian-Rhodian system according to which silver coins were struck in Olbia in the 3rd century BC.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Greek Relief Denomination
Fac simile

ΔΕΚ

ΟΒΟ 

Edition
ΔΕΚ(α) | ΟΒΟ(λοί)
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Ukraine: Mykolaivska oblast
Findspot (site)
Olbia
context
Krapiniva 2003: Found in the liman part of the Lower City of Olbia.
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
circumstances
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
GREEK
Time frame
FROM -400 TO -100
Comments on Chronology
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
National Academy of Science of Ukraine – Institute of Archaeology None None
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Krapivina 2003 119 6 None None
VARIA
Additional comment
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