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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Mint
Olbia
Denomination
Material
Copper alloy (bronze or brass)
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Square
Length
1.80 cm
Width
1.70 cm
Height
0.20 cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
5.64 - - Krapivina 2003 No No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Dolphin Relief LEFT
Demeter / Ceres Relief Head
Female figure Relief Head
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
No
Suspension hole
No
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Krapivina 2003: Private collection. Cleaned and mostly well preserved. It is almost square, measuring 1.8 × 1.7 × 0.2 cm; weight 5.64 g. On the obverse is a rather unclear representation of a human head en face (Demeter?); on the reverse is a dolphin l. and a low frame. A photograph of a weight of similar shape and dimensions has been published among the plates of P.O. Karyskovskij, but unfortunately its actual weight is not specified. On the obverse of the last-mentioned is a representation of the head of Demeter in profile, l. The image on the reverse is similar to that on our example: dolphin l. and a low frame. Karyskovskij linked this weight to the local silver coins bearing a representation of Demeter from the second half of the 4th century BC. The weight of no. 5 corresponds to 1/2 of the silver coins with Demeter of Subgroups 1-3 and to the weight of some individual coins of Subgroup 3. In contrast, this weight corresponds to 10 obols of the Chian-Rhodian system (cf. no. 6 below).
Killen 2017: Quadratisches Gewicht mit Relief: VS: frontaler Kopf (Demeter?); RS: Delphin n. l.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Fac simile
Edition
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Findspot (site)
context
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
circumstances
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
GREEK
Time frame
FROM -400 TO -100
Comments on Chronology
Killen 2017: 2. Hälfte 4. Jh. v. Chr. (Krapivina).
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
Private collection None None
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Krapivina 2003 118 5 fig. 2 None
Killen 2017a 208–209 Olb b 11 None None
VARIA
Additional comment
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