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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Mint
Istros
Denomination
1/2 Mina
Material
Lead
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Triangle
Length
8.50 cm
Width
8.31 cm
Height
1.06 cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
220.00 - - Gramaticu 2015 No No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Dolphin Relief RIGHT
Eagle Relief RIGHT
Wear
Worn
Corrosion
Corroded
Handle
No
Suspension hole
Yes
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
Yes
Archaeological description
Gramaticu 2015: The weight has a triangular shape, with a protruding edge with a triangular cross-section and a rectangular perforation in the upper register. The preservation state is bad; the weight is very worn and oxidized, most of it being covered by a white-grey patina. Identifying the iconographic elements was very difficult, especially due to the fact that it has been partially destroyed since ancient times: circular rubbing of the surface with a rough object and the repeated application of a small quadratic hallmark have left visible traces. Pb. 220 g; 82.7 × 83.1 × 85 mm (the base); the thickness of the edge varies from 6.9 to 10.6 mm. Obv. [I]CTP[I] most likely, with the partially conserved. Δ – [A] letters below. Bust to the right side, placed inside a protruding frame made from three parallel lines. On this side, the weight was hit several times with a quadratic hallmark. Rv. A sea eagle with closed wings, holding a dolphin in its claws to the right. The edge has a similar shape, with a border made of three lines. The image is partially visible in the lower register, on the left side, because the piece was rubbed in the circular manner with a heavy object in the right side.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Greek Relief Mint
Fac simile

. CΤΡ .
Δ

Edition
[Ἰ]στρ[ι](ανῶν) | δ–[α](μόσιον).
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Romania: Constanța
Findspot (site)
Istria [Istros / Histria]
context
Gramaticu 2015: Discovered in the Greek city of Istros, on the shore of the Sinoe Lake, in Dobroudja, in the 1980’s. The weight was discovered during the excavation research conducted by Maria Coja on street A, in a Hellenistic layer.
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
circumstances
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
GREEK
Time frame
FROM -400 TO -100
Comments on Chronology
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
Vasile Pârvan Institute of Archaeology (Bucharest) Dec. 31, 1989 None
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Gramaticu 2015a 21, 32, 35 31 pl. 1/31 None
VARIA
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