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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Neon, agoranomos
Mint
Denomination
Material
Lead
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Square
Length
4.90 cm
Width
4.90 cm
Height
0.40 cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
62.57 - - Kushnir-Stein 2002 No No No
62.57 - - Auction Archaeological Center 2007 No No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Female figure Relief FACING Standing
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
Yes
Suspension hole
No
Recarved mould
Yes
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Auction Archaeological Center 2007: Phoenicia, Anonymous (Southern Phoenician or Palestinian city). A Hellenistic Period square lead weight with raised border, 62.57 gr., 4.9×4.9 cm., 0.4 cm. thick. In the center a female figure with long dress is depicted, probably a city-goddess. The reverse is blank. The Greek inscription reads: LΗΜΡ Μ/ΝΕΩΝΟΣ / ΑΓΟΡΑΝΟΜ “Year 148, Mneon being agoranomos”. Year 148 according to the Seleucid era of 312 is equal to 165/4 BC. In good condition and rare. (A. Spaer coll. no. W-104). Published by Alla Kushnir-Stein, 2002, no. 5.
Kushnir-Stein 2002: This is a square lead weight (4.9×4.9 cm.; thickness: 0.4 cm.; weight: 62.57 gm.), whose reverse side is blank. The obverse side has a raised border; a figure in a long dress stands in the centre. To the left and right of the figure there is a three-line inscription, placed vertically with two lines on the right and one on the left side. The word on the left side is written on a kind of a raised platform. The inscription reads: LΗΜΡ Μ̣ | ΝΕΩΝΟΣ | ΑΓΟΡΑΝΟΜ “Year 148, Mneon being agoranomos”.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Greek Relief Authority, Date, Unidentified
Fac simile

LΗΜΡ Μ̣ or  (?)
ΝΕΩΝΟΣ

ΑΓΟΡΑΝΟΜ

Edition
(Ἔτους) ημρ´ Μ̣ (?) [or Ḥ (?)] | Νέωνος | ἀγοραν(ομοῦντος vel sim.).
Kushnir-Stein 2002: Μ̣|νέωνος
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Findspot (site)
context
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
April 4, 2007
circumstances
Antiquities trade.
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
GREEK
Time frame
FROM -165 TO -164
Comments on Chronology
SE 148 = 165/164 BCE
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
Antiquities Trade April 4, 2007 None
Spaer Collection None W-104
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Kushnir-Stein 2002a 229 5 fig. 5 None
Auction Archaeological Center 2007b 16–17 414 fig. 414 None
VARIA
Additional comment
Kushnir-Stein 2002: The overall appearance of the weight, as well as the formula and the lettering of the inscription, point to the Hellenistic period; year 148 by the Seleucid era equals 165/4 BCE. The sign L, which introduces the date, implies that the weight originated either in Palestine or in southern Phoenicia (Seyrig 1950: 31–35).
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