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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Diotimos, agoranomos (Berytos)
Mint
Berytos
Denomination
Material
Lead
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Polygon (pentagon, hexagon, heptagon, octagon, etc.)
Length
3.35 cm
Width
5.50 cm
Height
0.45 cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
36.44 - - Kushnir-Stein 2002 No No No
36.40 - - Auction Archaeological Center 2007 No No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Lattice pattern Relief
Sign of Tanit Relief
Trident Relief
Dolphin Relief
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
Yes
Suspension hole
Yes
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Auction Archaeological Center 2007: Phoenicia, Berytus (Beirut). A Hellenistic Period non-regular pentagon lead weight with a hanging loop and a raised and striped border, 36.4 gr., 5.5×3.35 cm., 0.45 cm. thick. The center depicts a dolphin entwined around a trident, with the symbol of the Punic goddess Tanit at the lower left corner. The Greek inscription reads: LΗΚ/Σ ΔΙ/ΟΤΙ/ΜΟΥ “Year 228 (under the supervision) of Diotimos”. Year 228 according to the Seleucid era of 312 is equal to 85/4 BC. Two characters at the lower right corner are of unclear meaning. The reverse has a network pattern. Good condition. Rare. For a similar weight from Berytus depicting the trident (Beirut Museum, inv. No. 4769), see: Liban, l’autre rive, p.162. (A. Spaer coll. no. W-111 ). Published by Alla Kushnir-Stein, 2002, no. 3.
Kushnir-Stein 2002: This is a rectangular lead weight with a loop at its top; the upper part below the loop is triangular. The weight's length (without the loop) is 4.5 cm.; the diameter of the loop is 0.5 cm. The weight is 3.35 cm. wide, 0.45 cm. thick and weighs 36.44 gm. Its reverse has a network pattern. The side with the inscription has a raised border with a decoration of semi-circles on the side facing the inscription; the outer bevelled side of the border is decorated by a network pattern. In the centre of the obverse there is a dolphin entwined around a trident. The inscription in four lines on both sides of the trident reads: LΗΚ|Σ ΔΙ|ΟΤΙ|ΜΟΥ, 'Year 228, (under the supervision) of Diotimos'. On the left side under the fourth line there is the symbol of Tanit; on the right there are two letters.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Greek Relief Authority, Date, Unidentified
Fac simile

LΗΚ
Σ ΔΙ
ΟΤΙ
ΜΟΥ
{Sign of Tanit} NI

Edition
(Ἔτους) ηκ|σ´ Δι|οτί|μου | {Sign of Tanit} NI

Finkielsztejn: ϝι’ (=16?) [rather than ηι’ (=18)? or 3 signs; Phoenician?]
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Findspot (site)
context
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
April 4, 2007
circumstances
Antiquities trade.
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
GREEK
Time frame
FROM -85 TO -84
Comments on Chronology
SE 228 = 85/84 BCE
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
Antiquities Trade April 4, 2007 None
Spaer Collection None W-111
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Kushnir-Stein 2002a 227–228 3 fig. 3 None
Auction Archaeological Center 2007b 15–16 412 fig. 412 None
Finkielsztejn 2015 80–82 124 pl. 4/124 None
VARIA
Additional comment
Kushnir-Stein 2002: The meaning of the letters in the lower right field is unclear. On the weight of Berytus dated year 184 (129/8 BCE; 55.8 gm.) there is a letter M standing alone in the right field (Rouvier 1897: 369-372). This letter has been interpreted as an indication of weight. However, on the weight of year 161 (152/1 BCE; 267 .8 gm.; Babelon and Blanchet 1895: no. 2250) one finds the letters MZ, which seem difficult to reconcile with this interpretation. These letters, as well as those on our weight, may thus have related to administrative matters rather than to the units of weight.
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