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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Mint
Olbia
Denomination
Material
Copper alloy (bronze or brass)
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Square
Length
4.30 cm
Width
4.20 cm
Height
0.60 cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
103.58 - - Krapivina 2003 No No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Arrow Relief DOWN One Head
Apollo Relief LEFT Head
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
No
Suspension hole
No
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Krapivina 2003: Museum of Archaeology IA NASU, Kiev. Not cleaned; excellent state of preservation. Almost square weight, measuring 4.2-4.3 × 4.2 × 0.6 cm; weight 103.584 g. Represented on the obverse is a male head in profile with laurel wreath l. and an arrowhead pointing downwards in front of it. The head is evidently that of Apollon(?). Beneath it is the inscription ΟΛΒΙΟ. On the lateral side of the weight: ΓΗ. The weight corresponds to 1/4 of the Euboic-Attic mina of standard 100. In terms of its shape and dimensions this item is identical to that published in Karyskovskij’s book, but the weight of the latter is not specified. This piece has the inscription ΟΛΒΙΟ under a representation of the head of a deity (probably Demeter) in three quarters view. The iconography of Demeter is the closest counterpart to the facing goddess on an extremely rare Olbian silver coin dated by Karyskovskij to the third quarter of the 4th century BC and by V.A. Anochin to 330-300 BC.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Greek Mint, Unidentified
Fac simile

ΟΛΒΙΟ

ΓΗ  

Edition
Ὀλ̣βιο(πολειτῶν) | ΓΗ
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Findspot (site)
context
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
circumstances
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
GREEK
Time frame
FROM -400 TO -100
Comments on Chronology
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
National Academy of Science of Ukraine – Institute of Archaeology None None
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Krapivina 2003 124-125 21 fig. 11 None
VARIA
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