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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Lucius Appuleius Decianus, quaestor
Mint
Urso
Denomination
Material
Lead
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Truncated cone
Length
3.60 cm
Width
3.60 cm
Height
- cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
59.77 - - Auction Stack’s 2010 No No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Bear Relief RIGHT Standing
Sphinx Relief RIGHT Walking
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
No
Suspension hole
No
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Auction Stack’s 2010: HISPANIA. Urso. Late 80s B.C.(?). PB 36 mm Weight. L. Appuleius Decianus, quaestor. Sphinx advancing right on groundline, forepaw raised. Rv. Bear standing right. 59.77 grams. Cf. SNG BM 1516-8 and 1526. Extremely rare and likely unique. Very carefully made. Light earthen patina. Extremely Fine. (400-500)
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Latin Relief Authority
Fac simile

LAPDECQ

Edition
L(ucius) Ap(puleius) Dec(ianus), Q(uaestor).
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Findspot (site)
context
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
April 28, 2010
circumstances
Antiquities trade.
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
ROMAN
Time frame
FROM -85 TO -80
Comments on Chronology
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
Antiquities Trade April 28, 2010 None
Feinberg Collection None None
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Auction Stack’s 2010 None 18 None None
VARIA
Additional comment
Auction Stack’s 2010: Crawford, CMRR app. H, p. 341, argues that the quaestor L. Appuleius Decianus responsible for this weight as well as the coins from Urso with his name (SNG BM 1516-25) was a son of C. Appuleius Decianus, the popularis tribune of 98, and followed M. Perperna to Spain in 83 or 82, thus a considerable revision of the early to mid-2nd century date provided by SNG BM. Regardless of the question of dating, however, this weight appears to have been an official money changer's weight for checking coinage, and equals three bronze units of ca. 19.85 g each. It is extremely well made, and a small area of weight adjustment on the edge shows that great care was taken to get a precise measurement.
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