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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Mint
Moesian mint
Denomination
1/8 Mina
Material
Lead
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Triangle
Length
5.64 cm
Width
5.16 cm
Height
- cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
50.32 - - Gramaticu 2015 No No No
53.20 - - Municipal Museum Bucharest (inventory book) No No No
56.16 - - Ocheşeanu 1997 No No No
56.15 - - Cantacuzène 1927–32 No No Yes
Iconography
Symbol Technique Direction Position Number Synecdoche
Caduceus Relief LEFT
Petasos Relief LEFT
Hermes Relief LEFT Head
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
No
Suspension hole
No
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
Yes
Archaeological description
Cantacuzène 1927–32: Poids triangulaire inédit en plomb, trouvé à Tomis en 1913. II appartient au Dr. G. Severeanu. Cette pièce est en mauvais état et un tiers en est perdu. Elle pèse actuellement 56,150 gr. La pièce tout entière devait peser environ 80 gr. (fig. 2). On voit de face un Hermes coiffé du pétase et regardant vers la gauche. Au-dessous les lettres: ΟΓ[ΔΟΟΝ]: Les bords de ce poids sont relevés. Le revers ne porte rien. Ce poids était 1/8 de la mine attique de Tomis. II est le premier exemplaire qui mentionne cette division.
Moisil 1957: ΟΓΔΟ jos la stînga. Capul lui Hermes spre stînga, fără caduceu. Jos la stînga o contramarcă ovală reprezentînd un caduceu. Rv. Fără legendă şi fără tip. Plumb triunghiular. Greutatea 78 g; latura 60 mm. Optime de mină. Colecţia Mina Paucker, Bucureşti. Un alt exemplar identic, dar rupt în lungime, în colecţia Muzeului de istorie şi arheologie al Bucureştilor (fără contramarcă).
Avram 2012–15: MMB, inv. 12 118 (collection Maria et George Severeanu). Lieu de découverte: Constanţa, en 1913. Poids de plomb de forme triangulaire, très mal conservé et perforé au coin inférieur gauche: il manque ca. un tiers. Huitième de mine (ὄγδοον). L côté = 0,060 m. Poids : 50,32 g (56,15 g, Cantacuzène), non édifiant au vu de l’état de conservation.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Language Technique Legend type
Greek Relief Denomination
Fac simile

ΟΓ

Edition
Ὄγ[δο](ον).
Monogram
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Romania: Constanța
Findspot (site)
Constanța [Tomis]
context
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
circumstances
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Curatorial Section
GREEK
Time frame
FROM -400 TO -100
Comments on Chronology
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
Severeanu Collection None None
Bucharest Municipal Museum None 12118
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Cantacuzène 1927–32 603 2 fig. 2 (attribution to Tomis)
Moisil 1957 283 42 bis None (attribution to Tomis) (same object?)
Ocheşeanu 1997a 333–335 2 fig. 1 (attribution to Istros)
Avram 2012–15 175, 235 P15 fig. P15 (possible attribution to Tomis, or Istros)
Gramaticu 2015a 26, 31, 42 22 pl. 8/22 (attribution to Istros)
VARIA
Additional comment
Compare with https://pondera.uclouvain.be/artifact/13511/
Gramaticu 2015, n. 52: George Cantacuzino mentions that the the weight has 56.16 g in 1933. Later, in 1939, Dr. George Severeanu donates his collection to the Municipal Museum of Bucharest. In the inventory register made after the Second World War, from 1948, the weight is registered as having 53.20 g. Today, the piece weighs 50.32 g. We can explain these differences only by the probable use of rudimentary means of weighing and / or maybe a bad restoration (excessive cleaning). For this reason, we compared the drawing of the weight as published on the first article with the nowadays picture. It is clear that the size was reduced because of the inappropriate restoration.
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