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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Diodoros
Mint
Denomination
100 Libras
Material
Copper alloy (bronze or brass)
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Other shapes
Length
30.00 cm
Width
10.40 cm
Height
22.00 cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
-
Iconography
Pig / Boar / Sow
Wear
Corrosion
Handle
Yes
Suspension hole
Yes
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Alessandra Pugliese: Bronze weight in the shape of piglet, with horizontal handle on its back. The animal is portrayed lying with bent legs on a rectangular base, which is supported by four short pedestals. On the back of the animal, the Greek letters ΡϹ are incised, while on the long side of the base the name ΔΙΟΔΩΡΟΥ is scratched on the bronze. The front-right knee of the piglet presents a small hole. The base is hollow; under the rear of the animal, the base presents a fissure, which may have been used to insert and slide a panel in order to close the base itself. The weight shows some signs of corrosion, with spots of oxidation. Overall, it is in very good conditions. The piglet is 27.5 long, 14.5 cm wide and 15.5 cm high; the handle is 4.1 cm high.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Legend type
Fac simile

P C

ΔΙΟΔΩΡΟΥ

Edition
P(ondo) C (librae). || Διοδώρου.
Monogram
Countermark type
Countermark
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Italy: Campania: Napoli
Findspot (site)
Pompei [Pompeii]
context
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
circumstances
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Chronological Period
ROMAN
Terminus post quem
1
Terminus ante quem
79
Time frame
-
Comments on Chronology
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
Penn Museum – University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology None MS3689
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
Tarbell and Dorsey 1909 138–139 252 pl. CVII None
VARIA
Additional comment
Modern copy made by the Chiurazzi foundry in 1903. Original: National Archaeological Museum (Naples), no. 74390 (https://pondera.uclouvain.be/artifact/12747/).
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