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ARCHAEOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE WEIGHT
Authority
Diodoros
Mint
Denomination
100 Libras
Material
Copper alloy (bronze or brass)
Manufacture
Cast
Shape
Other shapes
Length
27.50 cm
Width
14.50 cm
Height
18.60 cm
Metrology
Mass (g) Mass (grain) Date of measurement Reference fragmented cleaned reference weight
-
Iconography
Pig / Boar / Sow
Wear
Lightly worn
Corrosion
Lightly corroded
Handle
Yes
Suspension hole
Yes
Recarved mould
No
Recarved weight
No
Intentionally destroyed
No
Archaeological description
Alessandra Pugliese: Bronze weight in the shape of piglet, with horizontal handle on its back. The animal is portrayed lying with bent legs on a rectangular base, which is supported by four short pedestals. On the back of the animal, the Greek letters ΡϹ are incised, while on the long side of the base the name ΔΙΟΔΩΡΟΥ is scratched on the bronze. The front-right knee of the piglet presents a small hole. The base is hollow; under the rear of the animal, the base presents a fissure, which may have been used to insert and slide a panel in order to close the base itself. The weight shows some signs of corrosion, with spots of oxidation. Overall, it is in very good conditions. The piglet is 27.5 long, 14.5 cm wide and 15.5 cm high; the handle is 4.1 cm high.
Autopsy
No
INSCRIPTION
Legend type
Fac simile

P C

ΔΙΟΔΩΡΟΥ

Edition
P(ondo) C (librae). || Διοδώρου.
Monogram
Countermark type
Countermark
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Findspot (region)
Italy: Campania: Napoli
Findspot (site)
Pompei [Pompeii]
context
CIRCUMSTANCES OF ACQUISITION
Region
City
Date of first acquisition
circumstances
DATING OF THE WEIGHT
Chronological Period
ROMAN
Terminus post quem
1
Terminus ante quem
79
Time frame
-
Comments on Chronology
COLLECTION HISTORY
Collection
Name Date of acquisition Inventory number
National Archaeological Museum (Naples) None 74390
Bibliography
Reference Page/Column Reference (number) Plate / Figure Comment
CIL X None 8067,88 None None
Ciarallo and De Carolis 1999 152 153 None [Non vidi]
Corti 2001 198;210, note 80 None None None
VARIA
Additional comment
Modern copies: Philadelphia, Penn Museum, no. MS3689; Chicago, Field Museum of Natural History, no. 24123; see Tarbell et Dorsey 1909, p. 138–139, pl. CVII, no. 252.
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